Cultures the case of genital mutilation

If you think MGM cannot be harmful, please explain the boys who have died from it in Eastern Cape, South Africa alone in the last 20 years. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 22 3— Liberalism, communitarianism and political community.

What happens when a woman is circumcised

In Sudan, Google Scholar Taylor, C. Cultural and social factors for performing FGM The reasons why female genital mutilations are performed vary from one region to another as well as over time, and include a mix of sociocultural factors within families and communities. Multicultural citizenship: A liberal theory of minority rights. Download preview PDF. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. However, the prevalence varies form one geopolitical zone to the other. They move from school to school to create awareness for FGM abandonment. Besides, they are not trying to change the whole culture, just those parts that oppress women.

The company of critics: Social criticism and political commitment in the twentieth century. The equivalent of male castration is female castration: removal of the ovaries.

Childhood is a different category and must be treated as such. Currently those families and tribes who adhere strongly to FGM for their girls see it as an act of love, not of hate or abuse.

Why female genital mutilations should be stopped

More than 3 million girls are estimated to be at risk for FGM annually. Measures instituted toward its abandonment yielded very poor results. Taylor Ed. Recent Posts. In this article, I first examine the problem of Female Genital Mutilation FGM within the context of multiculturalism, with particular emphasis upon feminism of women of color. This statement provided evidence collected over the previous decade about the practice of FGM. To achieve the targeted zero tolerance to FGM, the identified factors have to be tackled holistically. In most societies, where FGM is practised, it is considered a cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation. All of this is considered normal and acceptable in the life of a tribal woman. They are also expected to walk miles to fetch and carry water on their back — carrying loads which many men in Western societies would be unable to bear. Some good spirited individuals, nongovernmental organizations, and corporate bodies have sponsored radio and television programs and jingles in Oyo and Osun States, Nigeria, on the consequences of FGM and the importance of abandoning it [ 6 ]. Google Scholar Taylor, C.

More than 3 million girls are estimated to be at risk for FGM annually. Google Scholar Okin, S. Without such consensus, campaigns against FGM in the West will simply be seen as an attack on the fundamental values and way of life of these communities, forged over centuries. The government and the constituted authorities, our traditional rulers, the legislative, the judiciary, and the law enforcement agents have the machineries to stop this inhuman behavior, but they lack the will and the necessary information about the incidence and consequences of FGM.

Oxford: Clarendon Press. In some communities, FGM is almost universally performed and unquestioned.

what do they cut off in a female circumcision?

Local structures of power and authority, such as community leaders, religious leaders, circumcisers, and even some medical personnel can contribute to upholding the practice.

Many end in morbidities or mortalities while passing through these phases.

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Cultural Rights or Human Rights: The Case of Female Genital Mutilation